Nigeria’s Inflation Rate Rises Almost by 1% from December 2023

In January 2024, Nigeria’s inflation rate experienced a significant rise, with the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) reporting a rise to 29.90% from 28.92% in December 2023. This uptick marks a continued trend of escalating inflation in the country, reflecting a nearly 1% increase in just one month. On a year-on-year basis, the inflation rate surged by 8.08% compared to January 2023, when it stood at 21.82%. Additionally, the month-on-month inflation rate in January 2024 was 2.64%, which was 0.35% higher than the rate recorded in December 2023 (2.29%).

Understanding Inflation

Inflation is a key economic indicator that measures the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising, and subsequently, purchasing power is falling. Central banks attempt to limit inflation, and avoid deflation, in order to keep the economy running smoothly. Inflation can be caused by various factors, including an increase in the money supply, demand-pull inflation, cost-push inflation, and built-in inflation.

What is a Good Rate of Inflation?

Economists generally agree that moderate inflation is a sign of a healthy economy. It indicates that the economy is growing, and this growth encourages businesses to invest and consumers to spend. The Federal Reserve, for example, targets an annual inflation rate of 2% in the United States, as it is considered a manageable level that sustains economic growth without causing significant price hikes or reducing consumers’ purchasing power.

When is Inflation Bad?

While a moderate level of inflation is beneficial for economic growth, high inflation can have adverse effects. It erodes purchasing power, increases the cost of living, and can lead to uncertainty in the economy. Consumers and businesses may delay spending and investment, which can slow economic growth. In extreme cases, hyperinflation can occur, leading to a rapid and uncontrollable increase in prices, which can have devastating effects on the economy.


The recent rise in Nigeria’s inflation rate highlights the ongoing economic challenges facing the country. It is crucial for policymakers to implement measures to control inflation and stabilize the economy, ensuring sustainable growth and improving the standard of living for its citizens.

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